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| September 24, 2018
College essay writing serviceQuestion descriptionInstructions: Before starting this assignment, please read the following directions carefully.Read the Orientation statement thoroughly before going to the Assignment Requirement.Do not simply copy your answers from the readings or any other resource. I am not interested in what someone else had to say about these topics; I am interested in how you synthesize the course content. If you want to cite information, use the Turabian style. But, use direct quotes sparingly.Submit your assignment in a Microsoft Word document format (lastname HW1.doc or .docx).OrientationWilliam Hutchinson, writing in Information Warfare and Deception observes that “… In 1991, J. Bowyer Bell and Barton Whaley published Cheating and Deception as an attempt totheorize about the nature of deception in its broadest sense. They created a classification of deception types. In it, they speculated that there were two basic types of deception:Level 1: that consisted of hiding the real, andLevel 2: this showed the false.These fundamental types are further divided into various categories…Hiding can be broken into:masking (basically means blending in for example, camouflage),repackaging (where something is given a new ‘wrapping’), anddazzling (which consists of confounding the target for example, using codes)Showing can be broken into: mimicking (this means producing replicas, which have one or more characteristics of reality)…inventing (which involves creating new realities)…anddecoying (which involves misdirecting the attacker)…”Joseph W. Caddell’s DECEPTION 101?PRIMER ON DECEPTION observed that another “… distinction is made in regard to the degree of “specificity of deception.” In their 1982 work,Strategic Military Deception, Donald Daniel and Katherine Herbig note the existence of what they term “A-type” and “M-type” deception. A-type, or “ambiguity increasing,” deception is designed to create general confusion and to distract an adversary by making “noise.”M-type, or “misleading variety,” deception is more ambitious in that it is designed to mislead an enemy into believing a specific deception plan. Here you engage in an array of deception operations which should supplement and complement one another, all designed to cause your opponent to believe an “alternative” to what you are actually doing. This “alternative” is, of course, not true. This type of deception is more complicated and more ambitious than simple “ambiguity.” It requires more preparation, more resources, and usually more time.Assignment RequirementAccess the following link to a discussion about “The Trust” a very successful deception perpetrated by the Soviet secret police to neutralize opponents of the revolutionary government under Lenin in the late 1920’s (http://www.edwardjayepstein.com/diary/rocca.htm). After reading about “The Trust,” answer the questions below in 100-150 words each:Was “The Trust” an “A” or “M” type deception? Explain. 20 pointsWhat was “the real” they were hiding? Explain using the elements cited above. 20 pointsWhat was “the false” they were showing? Explain using the elements cited above. 20 pointsDid they “Invent” anything? Explain. 20 pointsWhere decoys used? (don’t restrict your thought process to fake military equipment, think “dangle” or people used as decoys. Explain. 20 points©Copyright 2000-2018. All Rights Reserved. TermPaperChampions.com: The most reliable provider of custom academic papers. Our writers are here to help you complete papers from all disciplines and academic levels . You can always trust us to deliver.
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