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HOMEWORK PACKET #31. What makes an environment hospitable to a pathogen? 2. Define the term Pandemic. 3. Describe autoinoculation using the Herpes I virus. 4. What are the transmission modes for pathogens? 5. How does your body protect you from invasive pathogens? 6. Define autoimmune diseases and give some examples. 7. What are some characteristic signs of inflammation? 8. Describe Active, Passive, and Acquired Immunity. 9. What cells are created by giving vaccinations and what vaccinations are given to children, college students, and older adults? 10. What childhood disease caused by a virus can lead to shingles 11. What are some signs and symptoms of meningitis? 12. Define endemic and give an example. 13. Give some examples and of diseases spread by ticks, rabid animals and mosquitoes and appropriate prevention measures. 14. Describe bacteria, virus, fungi, and protozoan and give examples of associated diseases. 15. Diseases caused by bacteria can be treated with what? 16. What is characteristic of staph infections and what is the best prevention? 17. What is the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection in the U.S.? 18. What virus poses the greatest risk for the development of cervical cancer? 19. Describe the transmission, signs and symptoms, and treatments of the following STI’s: a. Gonorrhea b. Syphilis c. Venereal warts d. Pubic lice e. Candidiasis f. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease g. Herpes I and II h. Hepatitis A, B, and C i. HIV/AIDS 20. What has led to the result of cardiovascular disease (CVD) being the most common cause of death in the U.S.? 21. Identify the chambers of the heart, how blood flows through them, to the lungs and back. 22. What is the Sinoatrial node and what device is used as a mechanical replacement if needed? 23. Describe and give some signs and symptoms of atherosclerosis. 24. What is a myocardial infarction, some signs/symptoms and treatments. 25. What are transient ischemic attacks and what may follow if not treated? 26. Describe what a cerebrovascular accident is, the causes of them and possible signs/symptoms. 27. Describe what angina pectoris is and what the drug of choice is for ischemic discomfort. 28. What are some common arrhythmias or irregular/inefficient heart rhythms? 29. Describe the signs/symptoms of congestive heart failure and possible treatments. 30. Define hypertension and what is considered a “normal” blood pressure. 31. How can diet and exercise lower the risks of CVD as it pertains to your cholesterol levels? 32. What machine measures the electrical activity of the heart? 33. Describe the difference between bypass surgery and angioplasty. 34. What is a name for cardiovascular problems in newborns? 35. Define and give typical treatments for Diabetes I, Diabetes II, and Gestational Diabetes. 36. What is the second leading cause of death in the U.S.? 37. Cancer is an uncontrolled growth and spread of mutant cells. Define mutant cell. 38. Define the terms benign and malignant. 39. What does it mean to have a tumor metastasize? 40. What are some risk factors for cancer? 41. What types of occupations increase one’s chances for getting lung disease? 42. What STD virus is related to a higher risk of cervical cancer? 43. Describe the following cancer classifications: a. melanoma b. carcinoma c. sarcoma d. lymphoma e. leukemia 44. Describe the purpose of performing a biopsy to test for cancer. 45. What is the most common cancer specific to males (not including skin cancer)? 46. Of the various forms of skin cancer, which is considered the most dangerous? 47. Describe an individual who is more at risk for skin cancer. 48. What do the letters in the “ABCDE” rule for melanoma stand for? 49. What are preventive measures for skin cancer and the lowest effective sunscreen? 50. What is a Pap test and what does it detect? 51. What age group of males is at the highest risk for testicular cancer? 52. Define dyspnea as it pertains to COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). 53. What is the most common controllable risk factor for those with COPD? 54. Describe and give some signs and symptoms of emphysema. 55. What childhood respiratory disease accounts for 25% of all school absences? 56. Describe and give some signs and symptoms for asthma. 57. What happens during an allergic reaction to environmental allergens? 58. What are the major types of headaches and their signs and symptoms? 59. Define “aura” and describe when it might occur. 60. Define epilepsy and what should be done to assist someone experiencing seizure activity. 61. The reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus is commonly referred to as what? 62. What are some triggers for irritable bowel syndrome? 63. What are the types of arthritis, which is the most common and what is osteoporosis? 64. What can be done to prevent lower back pain or lumbosacral discomfort? 65. Define idiopathic conditions.
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